|Program :||BDP / BA|
|Course Code :||FEG-1 / BEGF-101|
|Course Title :||Foundation Course In English|
|Medium :||English Medium|
|Session :||July 2020 and January 2021 (2020-21)|
|Max Marks :||100|
|Submission Period :||For July 2020 session: 31st March 2021
For January 2021 session: 30th September 2021
|Solution Type :||Softcopy (PDF File)|
TUTOR MARKED ASSIGNMENT
FOUNDATION COURSE IN ENGLISH
Course Code: FEG-01/BEGF-101
Assignment Code: FEG-1/BEGF-101/TMA/2020-2021
Answer all the questions
1. Read the passage and answer the questions that follow:
Moai, or moꞌai are monolithic human figures carved by the Rapa Nui people on Easter Island in eastern Polynesia between the years 1250 and 1500. Nearly half are still at Rano Raraku, the main moai quarry, but hundreds were transported from there and set on stone platforms called ahu around the island’s perimeter. Almost all moai have overly large heads three-eighths the size of the whole statue. The moai are chiefly the living faces (aringa ora) of deified ancestors (aringa ora ata tepuna). The statues still gazed inland across their clan lands when Europeans first visited the island in 1722, but all of them had fallen by the latter part of the 19th century. The production and transportation of the more than 900 statues is considered a remarkable creative and physical feat. The tallest moai erected, called Paro, was almost 10 metres (33 ft) high and weighed 82 tonnes (90.4 short tons). The heaviest moai erected was a shorter but squatter moai at Ahu Tongariki, weighing 86 tonnes. One unfinished sculpture, if completed, would have been approximately 21 m (69 ft) tall, with a weight of about 145–165 tons (160–182 metric tons). The moai were toppled in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, possibly as a result of European contact or internecine tribal wars. Many archaeologists suggest that the statues were thus symbols of authority and power, both religious and political. But they were not only symbols. To the people who erected and used them, they were actual repositories of sacred spirits. Carved stone and wooden objects in ancient Polynesian religions, when properly fashioned and ritually prepared, were believed to be charged by a magical spiritual essence called mana. Archaeologists believe that the statues were a representation of the ancient Polynesians’ ancestors. The moai statues face away from the ocean and towards the villages as if to watch over the people. The exception is the seven Ahu Akivi which face out to sea to help travelers find the island. There is a legend that says there were seven men who waited for their king to arrive. A study in 2019 concluded that ancient people believed that quarrying of the Moai might be related to improving soil fertility and thereby critical food supplies.
a) What is considered remarkable about the location of the statues?
b) How did the statues fall?
c) Why are the statues considered to be sacred?
d) Why do some statues face towards the island?
e) Who were the men whose statues can be found looking out at sea?
2. Imagine you are a resident of Easter Island telling visitors about the statues on the island. Describe what they are like and the significance they hold for your people.
3. Match the words with their meanings and use the same words in sentences of your own:
Monolithic an achievement that requires great courage, skill, or strength
Deified relating to conflict within a group
Feat that contains or stores
Internecine formed of a single large block of stone
Repositories worship or regard as a god
4. Find words in the passage which mean the opposite of those given below and use the words in sentences of your own:
5. Write a short composition (400 words) on any one of the following:
a) The modern gadget I find most useful.
b) Bullying and social media.
5. Write dialogues on the lines suggested below, taking at least 10 turns each.
a) A close friend is thinking about going abroad for further studies but is still undecided whether or not to do so. You have been asked for advice.
b) Your parents are retired and now feel that they are no longer occupied as they were earlier. They are in good health and economically sound. You are concerned and suggest ways in which they can remain busy and happy.
6. An organization which works for the old and destitute in your city has placed an advertisement asking for volunteers. Write to them enquiring about the nature of the work and stating how you can help them.
7. Do as directed:
a) The book of poems is lying on the table. It was written by the famous poet William Blake. (Combine the above sentences into one sentence using … ‘which’ …)
(b) I reached the market. I came to know that it (close). (Write the correct verb form)
(c) Scientists say that several earthquakes occur in Delhi every year. (Rewrite as an interrogative sentence)
(d) My book will be published in 2018 by ABC Publishers. (Change the voice)
(e) “Do not forget to carry your umbrella. It is raining heavily,” said mother to Anjali. (Rewrite using indirect speech)
(f) Harsh ran to his friends. He told them he had won a prize for his artwork. (Join using a conjunction)
(g) I wants to go my friend house. (Correct the sentence)
(h) Although we have been ….. this city many times, we still get lost ….. the lanes and bylanes of the old city. (Insert appropriate prespositions)
(i) There are a number of stray dogs ….. (roaming/ had roamed) around in our locality and they have ….. (become/became) quite dangerous. (Choose the right form of verb given in brackets)
(j) Technological advances made in ….. last few decades have had ….. amazing effect on our lives at all levels (Insert appropriate articles)